April 2017 Issue

  • Badges and Barbers program cutting through racial tension in Lynchburg

    It is not an exaggeration to say many minorities, particularly men and women of color, often have a complex relationship with law enforcement. The roots of this tension are webbed deeply throughout history, tangled with stereotypes, lack of communication and mutual distrust. While much of this uneasiness might seemingly be uncalled for, unfortunately sometimes factual evidence lends credence to the apprehension. Due to the wonders of technology, one no longer must wait for the evening news to keep up with current events. Camera phones, live video feeds and social media create instant news. So when someone is injured or dies at the hands of law enforcement, people know within hours and sometimes within minutes. Therefore, many of you will recognize the following names… Michael Brown. Eric Garner. Tamir Rice. John Crawford. These are just some of the black men who lost their lives at the hands of police officers in 2014.

    There were many more victims. Often the officers involved in the incidents were not charged or they were found not guilty at trial. People in numerous communities became outraged and rioted in response to what they perceived as a continuous lack of justice. Meanwhile, peaceful protests also took place across the country. On April 4, 2015, Walter Scott was murdered – shot in his back by an officer in North Carolina. On that very same day, Lucas Bryan of the Lynchburg Police Department, announced the creation of Badges & Barbers. While people marched with their hands up, begging not to be shot, the local police officer had the desire to make a positive impact.

    Bryan, along with his barber, Sam Snead, designed Badges & Barbers as an outreach program. Over a period of eight weeks selected youth would not only learn to cut hair, but they would learn other valuable life skills. Snead worked closely with his business partner, Que Watkins, as well other barbers and members of the Lynchburg Police Department to design the program. Despite the racial and civil tension that ensued elsewhere, Lynchburg residents were eager to support a positive program that as a natural consequence, served to nurture a relationship with local law enforcement.

    Bryan has been a police officer for 13 years. He and his wife moved to Lynchburg about 2000. Having grown accustomed to life in the hill city, the couple soon agreed there is no other city in which they would want to live. Bryan always has had a passion for engaging the community, particularly the youth. The vision for Badges and Barbers began to take shape following a candid conversation between Bryan and Snead. Armed with a referral from a friend, Bryan met Snead when he was in need of a haircut. Bryan was so pleased with Snead’s work that he became a regular customer. Throughout those six months, the two got to know each other, often exchanging anecdotes from their pasts. They discovered they had much in common, including humble beginnings and the desire to give back. Somewhere along the way, the relationship changed from that of barber and customer, to that of friends. At a time when the country was in chaos and a revolving cycle of surreptitious racism, blame, anger and pain, they made a choice. They chose to see each other as the men they are and not the labels that would have been easy to hide behind. Bryan said his desire to help probably stemmed from his own childhood. His father was a felon and it took quite a while before society viewed him as anything other than a criminal. So where one might look a teenager as a troublemaker, Bryan sees only potential.

    Bryan’s story resonated with Snead. Now co-owner of Directors Cut barbershop, Snead still remembers being 13 years old and sweeping hair from the floor at a local shop. As the years passed, Snead continued to work his way up. He soon stopped doing chores and began to cut hair himself. Reflecting on that time, Snead still is grateful he was given the opportunity to advance. Mentored by Lynchburg businessman and entrepreneur that most locals affectionately call “Chopper,’ Snead continued to focus on his career. Eventually he felt the pull to be more than an employee in someone else’s business. That feeling was shared by fellow barber Que Watkins. The two decided to take the leap and branch out on their own. Directors Cut was a success. Having benefited from a mentorship, Watkins wasted no time joining Bryan and Snead in their efforts. Amassing a team consisting of more police officers and barbers, they began to pitch their vision for the program. Lynchburg City Schools and Partners In Education were both on board. Thus, Badges and Barbers was born.

    The program ran in 2014 and again in 2015. Sadly, they had to pause for 2016 due to personnel restraints. Yet all involved parties agree the desire to continue in the future is a constant. They are even considering expanding the program to include other trades besides barbering. While cutting hair is a valuable skill, the program was designed to be about more than that. When asked what the most beneficial thing they learned, every graduate had the same answer – punctuality. Being on-time is even a struggle for some adults, so to see that a group of young men understand the importance of respecting time is poignant and will no doubt serve those young men well as they move forward in their lives.

    Note from writer: Arguably, further take-a-ways from the program may vary by participant. As a mother of children with brown skin and the complexity that entails, the feeling is hope. I used to tell my children that if they were in danger, they could trust a police officer to help. Yet in recent years that conversation changed. Instead of encouraging them to run to an officer, I warned them to follow directions, keep their hands up and in sight, and not to talk back. “No matter what happens, don’t argue with a police officer. Don’t talk back. You have to be careful. Stay alive, and I will take care of the rest when I get to you.” It was not easy to watch the innocence leave their eyes as they realized their complexion might one day put them in danger because of covert racism. With so many men and women of color dying in police involved incidents, it became difficult for my family to even watch the evening news. I told them that most police officers are good. I could tell they did not believe me. I was torn between restoring their faith and maintaining their urge for self-preservation. So on behalf of parents of brown babies, I thank Officer Bryan for providing us with palpable proof. Again, most police officers are good people – good people who truly desire to serve and protect. Combine that with a few skilled barbers and anything is possible. As I watch Bryan, Snead and Watkins exchange pleasantries in the lobby of Directors Cut, I did not see two barbers and an officer. I saw three people, smiling and genuinely engaging in an obvious friendship. I see humanity at its best and definitely a cut above the rest.

  • Stedman Speaks: Navigating the journey to home ownership

    Congratulations! You have decided you’re ready to buy a house. Before you start planning the house-warming party, there are still several steps to take to earn the title of homeowner. It can be a confusing journey, and I’m here to help guide you through the path to homeownership.

    Q: I have determined that buying a house fits my budget and lifestyle. What should I do next?
    SP: You next step is to meet with a mortgage lender to be pre-approved for a mortgage loan. It’s wise to do this before you actually start the house-hunting process because it shows you are financially ready and able to purchase. Pre-approval involves pulling your credit report and history to determine your qualifying loan amount. This is helpful when you begin looking at homes to ensure they fit your price range.

    Q: So I’ve met with a mortgage lender and received pre-approval. Now what?
    SP: The next step is the fun part – house hunting. You can search for houses online or with assistance of a real estate agent. It is important to note that as a buyer you do not pay a dime to the real estate agent. The seller pays the commission, so it is in your best interest to utilize an agent who is familiar with the market, knows the neighborhoods and can help you get access to even more houses than are listed online. Ask friends, family or coworkers for references and find an agent who makes you feel comfortable. You will be spending a lot of time with this person and you will want someone you can trust and count on to work in your best interest.

    Q: I found my dream house. What do I do next to make it mine?
    SP: Before you start picking out paint colors, you have to make an offer on the house. Your realtor can give advice on whether the listing price is fair, but ultimately the offer price is your decision. Always remain mindful of the fact you know your budget and what you are willing to spend on your dream house. In addition, always be cognizant of the fact it is essential to maintain good financial health during the house-buying process, especially at this stage. Do not change jobs or make any large purchases that could affect your credit and ultimately your lender’s confidence in your ability to pay back the loan.

    Q: Now that I have made an offer, how soon will I get into the house?
    SP: The buyer and seller enter the negotiation stage once an offer is on the table. At this point, the seller might counter the offer or could even accept another offer, causing your hunt for the perfect house to start again. But if both parties agree to the terms, you’ll receive a ratified contract. Often the buyer will contract a home inspector to search for any flaws that might need to be repaired. Then an appraisal of the house is conducted to ensure it is worth the value of the loan that has been requested. All of these steps take time, and it could be weeks until you reach the final stage of the process.

    Q: So what’s the final stage of the process?
    SP: The closing is the final step. It involves finalizing the paperwork. Before this happens, though, the buyer will do a final walk through of the house. Ideally, the final walk through is done a few days before the closing date to ensure no new issues have come up since you last saw the house. That way they buyer has time to address the issues with the seller before the house officially trades hands. After signing all the closing documents, the buyer receives the keys to the house and can safely set the date for the house-warming party.

    Q: I still feel a little overwhelmed. What should I do?
    SP: Your best resources to help you through this process are mortgage loan officers and realtors. That is why it’s important to do your research and find professionals who make you feel comfortable.

    Stedman Payne is an experienced financial professional who serves as Member One’s Market Executive in the Lynchburg area. His financial education series offers tips for making smart decisions when it comes to managing your finances.

    Watch for Stedman Payne’s column in the next edition of ColorsVA for more useful financial tips.

  • Jefferson Senior High School still a “magical” place in the hearts of graduates

    “People from different parts of Roanoke got to go to school with people from other parts of Roanoke. I think that helped tremendously with the black white relations. People got to know each other, to understand each other and like each other and become lifelong friends.” Jerry Spangler, Class of 1970

    When Theresa Lawrence Waller recalls her time at Jefferson Senior High School, she has nothing negative to say. “It was such a great school!”

    Waller graduated with the class of 1971 only a few years before the school closed. During her time there, she got to be part of the homecoming court, was on the drill team and was the first African American voted Snow Queen.

    Like many cities in the South, Roanoke was slow to desegregate schools. The process began in 1960 when Roanoke School officials assigned nine black students to previously all white elementary and junior high schools. Roanoke continued the process of integration gradually over the next 10 years, and news reports from the period say it occurred rather smoothly and uneventfully.

    Jefferson Senior High opened in 1924. Integration began in 1963 with two students. By the time Waller, who attended a segregated school until seventh grade arrived, there was a greater number of African American students in attendance, but it was still predominantly white. However, that was not much of a problem, Waller said. “I got along well with everyone; it was like family. Of course there were little fights over integration, but we overcame all of that,” she said.

    Waller’s classmate Mike Franklin, also class of ’71, had a similar background. He did not attend an integrated school until seventh grade. When asked to compare his experiences, he did not say much. “The books at the black school were secondhand. But it wasn’t better or worse; they were just different experiences,” he said.

    Jerry Spangler, ’70, is a long-time friend and former classmate of Franklin’s. His educational experience was different because he is not African American. Regardless, he expressed thoughts similar to theirs, saying Jefferson was about family. Having a wide mix of students allowed people to see past their differences, he said. “We had people like me from Southeast, Mike from Melrose, the Hopkins daughters whose dad was a state senator. It was probably the best mix of people at that time. People from different parts of Roanoke got to go to school with people from other parts of Roanoke. I think that helped tremendously with the black white relations. People got to know each other, to understand each other and like each other and become lifelong friends,” Spangler said.

    Waller, Franklin and Spangler all said athletics played a tremendous role in bringing the school together. “I was on the drill team, so you had to get along,” Waller said. Spangler and Franklin were basketball teammates. In 1970, their team won the state championship, something that had not happened for more than a decade.

    “We won that game by one point, with no time on the clock. ‘Remember the Titans’ is a great movie, but there should’ve been one about Jefferson,” Spangler said. He added that the whole team loved each other.

    “Everyone felt part of something special; winning always brings people together,” Franklin said. However, as good as the athletics were, they were far from the only thing that made Jefferson an excellent place to learn. Jefferson was the only school in the area to offer training classes like shop, cosmetology and auto mechanics. The drama program also was second to none.

    “If you wanted to learn, the sky was the limit,” Spangler said. And it seemed no Jefferson alum had enough praise for the administration and teachers. “Mr. Graybill [the principal] went the extra mile to create a positive environment. The administration listened and implemented changes based on our suggestions,” Franklin said.

    “The teachers were your friends and were always willing to help with any problem. They really cared. Mr. Graybill interacted with all the students; he knew you by name! That was a good feeling,” Waller said.

    “Coach Kepley [the basketball coach, and another Jefferson alum] was one of a kind, but Mr. Graybill was in the background. I think he had a plan, and I think he knew the world was changing. I think he knew athletics bring people together. He wanted that success because it brings people together in a positive way,” Spangler said.

    Jefferson Senior High School closed in 1974. Roanoke City Schools used it for educational purposes for another five years before the building closed entirely in 1979. In that time, it saw more than 19,000 graduates. The building sat vacant and deteriorated for many years before being renovated into what is now the Jefferson Center. The last renovation occurred in 2001. What once was the auditorium is now the lovely Shaftman Performance Hall, and the auto shop (with its high ceilings to accommodate lifts) is now Fitzpatrick Hall. Classrooms are now office spaces, and one room is dedicated as a museum for the school, housing yearbooks, uniforms and millions of memories.

    Of all the things that could be said about Jefferson, perhaps the most remarkable thing is the number of alumni who have remained in touch and are still close friends today. Coach Kepley and a group of his players, including Franklin and Spangler, meet for breakfast each month or so. Waller often calls or stops by to check on classmates whose loved ones have passed away, and she never misses a class reunion.

    “It was fun! I would like to live those days over again!” she said.

  • April Scholar of the Month: Sterling Sims

    As the world is, we tend to treat every occurrence as seriously as the next. But, for Blacksburg High School senior Sterling Sims, he has learned to channel his energy into his schoolwork and future and to go with the flow of everything else.

    Sterling was born in Cedar Falls, Iowa, where he attended Malcolm Price Laboratory School before moving to Blacksburg as a second grader. The move was not particularly challenging to Sterling. He was young enough to adjust and was able to make friends easy at Price’s Fork Elementary School.

    In 2010, when Sterling was in fifth grade, the gym roof at Blacksburg High School collapsed. For the rest of that school year, high school students shared a building with the middle school. High school student moved into the middle schools, an arrangement that lasted for all of Sterling’s middle school years. The new high school was completed in 2013 just in time for Sterling’s freshman year. His class will be the first graduates.

    Boasting a nearly 3.6 GPA, Sterling is among the top of his class. Sterling said Blacksburg High students are very competitive and that is especially true in his class. “We always like to show it when we’re doing well,” he said. And seeing his peers succeed encourages him to step up his game as well. Above all, students are mostly supportive of each other, even those who do not easily excel scholastically. “Most kids are always trying to do better,” he added.

    For students who would like to do better, Sterling suggested they look into an honors program rather than enrolling in Advanced Placement (AP) or higher-level courses. Sterling revealed, “I didn’t take my first AP course until junior year, but all before that I was taking honors courses.” Teachers are helpful in steering students toward AP courses that prepare them for college. He also stressed the importance of adjusting one’s input in order to achieve a desired output. “Ask the teacher what they’re looking for instead of just going in and trying to do what you did previously.”

    He uses this strategy especially in courses that do not come naturally to him, such as his current Trigonometry class. His mind just does not work that way, he says. Fortunately, he has a teacher who explains the subject well and if Sterling still cannot get it, he says he goes online to watch YouTube tutorials for additional assistance.

    Some subjects more closely aligned to his hobbies and interests. Sterling is a history buff, especially United States. He also is very intrigued by sociology. “I think I really just enjoy learning about people and how they work.”

    Sterling runs both indoor and outdoor track, which keeps him on a tight schedule yearlong. By the time he finishes practice after school, there are just a few hours left before going to bed. Therefore, he has to use his time wisely. He has a free period every other day and with block scheduling and he often uses that time to do homework.

    His mother, he said, is his motivator. He puts his best foot forward because it is important to him not to disappoint his mom. His mom is his sole role model, he said. “I don’t have other role models because I don’t like to look at people like that,” he said. “I don’t ever want to be somebody else.” He will look at people’s accomplishments or the ideas they stand for and is able to get behind them, but he never wants to be like anyone else because everyone has their flaws, he said.

    Sterling dislikes being categorized based on race. He said being black means being “looked at differently wherever I am, no matter who I’m with.” He said he has faced criticism for not being white enough and, alternately for not being black enough. While he embraces his black heritage, he is less preoccupied with adhering to stereotypes associated with one race or another and more focused on being himself.

    He expresses himself through music. Sterling listens to all genres and attributes that to his father. “My dad taught me that all music derives from each other,” he said. He used to be in band, but found that he gets more enjoyment just playing for himself. He plays the saxophone and the drums and being able to read music allows him to pick up other instruments easily.

    His father is a graduate of Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, and his sister is finishing her last year there as well. He has not decided whether he wants to carry on that tradition or if he would rather attend Virginia State University. Either way, he plans to major in political science and eventually reach a position where he can facilitate change. “I want to be able to say what I want to say and hear what other people have to say – even if I really dislike what they’re saying.” Sterling understands the key to being a good speaker first is to be a good listener. With his mature attitude and contemporary views, he will certainly go far.

  • Understanding Your Health – A Look at Blood Clots

    Blood clots that form in response to an injury or a cut are necessary to stop potentially dangerous bleeding. A blood clot that forms inside one of your veins or arteries, however, can be a different story.

    That type of clot can cause blockage, which may prevent oxygen from reaching tissue. When blood fails to circulate properly, clots can cause complications such as heart attack, stroke and other serious conditions.

    Blood clots that form within small veins near the surface of the skin will cause redness, pain and swelling. These types of blood clots rarely cause complications and only require minimal treatment. The danger increases, however, when blood clots form within deeper, larger veins inside your body – most often in your legs.

    These clots can cause various symptoms such as pain, swelling, redness, warmness and engorged superficial veins. If the clot is not treated, it could break free and travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body such as the lungs, brain or heart. This can result in life threatening complications.

    Blood clots are more likely to form in people that are on long-term bed rest or who have experienced a recent surgery or injury. Blood clots also are more likely to form during and after pregnancy or when taking birth control or estrogen hormones. In addition, buildup of cholesterol also can make it easier for a blood clot to cause a serious complication because the cholesterol may narrow the veins or arteries, causing the flow of blood to slow down.

    To prevent blood clots from forming it is important to stay active and exercise regularly. Be sure that you are eating a healthy diet, low in sodium and fat. If you find yourself in a situation where you will be sitting for several hours, make sure to get up and move around at least every hour to help blood flow. It also is important to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water throughout the day. Other ways to prevent blood clots include losing weight, wearing loose fitting clothing and eating nutrient-filled foods, such as fruits and vegetables.

    If you notice any new swelling, soreness or warm spots in your arms or legs, contact your primary care physician as these can be signs that a blood clot has formed. To learn more about blood clots and prevention, visit CarilionClinic.org.

    Provided by Jeremy Llavore, M.D. Family Medicine – Carilion Clinic

  • Is America still "great" for immigrants?

    Travel bans issued during the first month of President Donald Trump’s administration have sparked controversy and renewed discussions nationwide about immigration. Recent executive orders temporarily barred people from countries including Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Iran. Immigration reform is a topic that has led to heated debates between politicians, activists and folks around dinner tables throughout the world. It is an issue with preconceived notions.

    Christine Lockhart Poarch is a Salem-based attorney who specializes in immigration law. She shares her expertise on the immigration process, myths associated with it and ways communities can heal following divisive policies regarding immigrants.

    Myths & Misconceptions
    A common myth is legal immigration is an easy option. “That’s probably the predominate myth,” says Poarch. “That the entire swath of 11 million undocumented people could have come here lawfully had they just chosen to and somehow there is this dereliction of a process that could have been easily navigated. That is just false.”

    There are several paths to becoming a legal resident of the United States including marrying a U.S. citizen, through a family-based or employer-based sponsorship or by being granted asylum or refugee status. Poarch says requirements for each category vary and can often involve a complex and lengthy immigration process.

    “Everyone has to become a lawful permanent resident before they can become a citizen,” she says. “You hear people talk a lot about how do people get their permanent citizenship? That’s a really long process and it might start with a non-immigrant visa, a visa to come in temporarily and it might progress to a permanent visa and ultimately progress to citizenship.”

    Poarch says wait times can be a challenge for people seeking to gain legal status. The process differs depending on factors such as visa category, age and home country. Another myth is that someone coming to the United States will be eligible to get a green card based on marriage. “Of our 11-12 million undocumented immigrants 40% are visa overstays and 60% are border crossers only the 40% that are overstays, and only if they meet certain visa criteria, are eligible to marry a U.S. citizen and have a bit of a more quick of a path to a green card compared to your average Joe.”

    She says wait times for adult children that are unmarried can be upwards to seven years while a child (under 21) of a U.S. citizen may become legal in a much shorter time. The process differs on a case-by-case basis and can seem like a maze (illustration).

    Impact of immigrants
    The Trump administration has struck fear among undocumented immigrants in communities across the country. Additionally, the president’s executive order has created concerns among students, professors and other professionals hoping to conduct research in the U.S. Poarch says people are worried about deportation, and some feel it may be risky to come to America lawfully.

    “What we are seeing in general, in my opinion, is a chilling effect on travel. Concerns about getting educational visas. We are seeing people fearful of coming to the United States,” she says. Concerns about travel bans and deportation could have a negative impact on our economy as the U.S. has long benefited from the contributions of immigrants. According to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce immigrants made up 28.5 percent of all new entrepreneurs in 2014, up from 13.3 percent in 1996. A figure that shows a growing influence on job creation and helps to dispel the myth jobs filled by immigrants are jobs that could be filled by unemployed Americans. In fact, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce stated that research has found there is no correlation between immigration and high unemployment at the regional, state or county level.

    A path forward...
    Gaining a better understanding of immigration
    In a recent blog post on Medium, Poarch wrote about important roles people from other countries play in our communities. The piece is an effort to encourage thoughtful discussions.

    “My first job at 15 was for a Lebanese immigrant who left Beirut to join the large Roanoke Lebanese community, many of whom came to our region two lives ago to work on the railroads that always found their way to the coal seams. Even during my life, the doctors’ shingles in Bluefield and other towns hollowed out of mountain valleys held foreign names like Melchum and now, Patel, because the highlands of Virginia are considered a medically underserved area and foreign doctors fill a critical healthcare gap. While in more insular living arrangements, the person next door can remain a stranger, very often in small communities like those in southwestern Virginia, the strangeness of immigrants falls away, and by the second generation of any immigrant family, the difference that holds people apart gets lost. Faces become familiar, hard to pronounce names, less so, and the tendency to group and sort into identifiable tribes seems less important. At some point, they become one of us and the inner walls of our chest expand to include the foreign-born stranger among the faces that we love to see gracing our doorway. What follows is a period of homogeneity, of sameness, and we relish that sense of community. But to believe that it didn’t come at a price is foolish. That price may be invisible to us among the second- and third-generation children of those families who struggled through it, but the inclusion of immigrant populations has always been painful and problematic and something that communities like Northfork and Roanoke wrestled with—and continue to wrestle with—person to person.

    When it comes to debates over immigration, Poarch says education is key to understanding the realities immigrants face in their efforts to become legal residents. In February, Poarch Law firm held a public meeting in Roanoke to help raise awareness about the immigration process. Attendees included concerned citizens, non-profit organizations, church groups and law enforcement agencies. Poarch believes it is important for communities to have open, honest dialogues about the issue.

    “If we can’t have these conversations among people who disagree and if those who feel so convicted about immigration restrictions generally feel no obligations what-so-ever to educate themselves about how these systems really work then we are really, not just failing each other we are really failing our future,” she says.

    Source: U.S. Chamber of Commerce

  • Editor's Note

    I can still hear my mother’s words echoing in my head… “Honesty is the best policy little girl. And, if I catch you lying again, your butt is going to feel the pain from that lie and that’s the truth.” These days I find myself pondering whether mom would have accepted alternative facts.

    For example when I was called out after I broke the wings on her porcelain angel, glued them back on with wood putty and placed the angel back on the shelf as if nothing was wrong, instead of blaming my sister, I should have spun the truth and offered an alternative fact. “Well actually mama, the wood putty was added to make the wings stronger.” That sounds plausible. Don’t you think? I can hear mom now… “Little girl, I’m no fool? I was born at night, but not last night. What I tell you about lying? You know what’s coming now. Go outside and choose your bush.” It has been more than 40 years since I had my last spanking from mom, but I still remember the pain.

    Folks I’m struggling with the ease in which our country’s leaders are perfectly comfortable fabricating untruths. I am sure some of you remember Aunt Esther, that great philosopher who starred in the Sanford and Son series. One of her famous saying was the truth will set you free sucker. No truer words have been uttered absent sucker. My point in sharing my mother’s perspective is to demonstrate that from the time we learn the difference between right and wrong, parents impress upon us that doing the right thing means telling the truth. If you tell the truth you will not need to be concerned about remembering the details in your lie, mom would say.

    Credibility must be built. It cannot be turned on and off like a switch. Again, folks, I’m struggling here. People who find it easy to lie blatantly, have no moral compass. Many scholars, world leaders, famous writers, movie stars, writers of the scripture in the Bible, have weighed in on the truth. I shall draw your attention to just two. William Shakespeare wrote, “No legacy is so rich as honesty.” And from Proverbs in the Bible: Truthful lips endure forever, but a lying tongue is but for a moment. These, my friend, are not alternative facts.

    Got an opinion? You are invited to share it. Please send your letters or opinion pieces to:

    The Editor, Colors VA, P.O. Box 14143, Roanoke, VA 24038

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